DIETITIAN Interview Questions and Answers :-
1. What is the balanced diet of an adult should be comprised of on a single day?
On a single day, balanced diet of an adult should comprise of
- Protein – 50 grams
- Fat – 70 grams
- Carbohydrates – 310 grams
- Sugars – 90 grams
- Sodium – 2.3 grams
- Dietary Fibre – 30 grams
- Saturated Fatty Acids – 24 grams
- Total Energy per day – 8,700 kilojoules
2. What dietary fibre is and list out some of the good source of dietary fibres?
Dietary fibre is composed of an edible parts of plants that can neither be absorbed nor digested by the small intestine and moves into the large intestine intact.
Some of the good sources of dietary fibre includes
- Fruits: Pears, strawberries, blackberries, oranges, raspberries and all the fruits that can be eaten without peeling of its outside skin
- Vegetables: Brussel sprouts, onion garlic, peas, green peas, broccoli, corn, etc.
- Pulses: Chickpeas, lentils, beans and whole grains
3. What are the main advantages of using dietary fibre daily?
The advantages of using dietary fibre are
- Increase bowel function: Dietary fibres are the insoluble fibres, which increases the laxative property of bowel, and helps an individual to relieve from constipation. It might also help in reducing colon cancer risk; inhibiting the growth of tumor cells by saturated fatty acid, which is produced when fibre is fermented by gut bacteria
- Reduce blood sugar level: It also slows down the absorption of glucose level in blood by not allowing complete digestion of carbohydrate you have consumed
- Reduce blood cholesterol level: Rice bran or oat bran are some good sources of dietary fibre that prevents fatty acids to convert into bad cholesterol and thus minimizes the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD)
- Gives satiating feeling: Apart from all these benefits, there are some additional benefits for overweight or obese people who lack satiate feeling resulting in over-consumption of food. Dietary fibre gives satiate feeling without adding any extra calories and also reduces fat level from the body
4. List out some of the dietary minerals included in our daily intake?
Some of the minerals included in our daily intake includes
- Calcium: Milk and milk product ( 700 mg/day)
- Magnesium: Green Vegetables and Nuts ( 150-500 mg/day)
- Phosphorous: Meat, fish, dairy products ( 550mg/day)
- Chloride: Salt and salty food (No fixed value)
- Cobalt: Seafoods, meats and milk products (No fixed value)
- Iodine: Seafoods, shellfish, cod liver oil and milk (130ug/day)
- Fluoride: Seafood, tea and water (No fixed value)
- Sodium: Salt, cheese, soups (575 – 3500 mg/day)
- Iron: Meat, dried fruit, green vegetables + vit C (9-20 mg/day)
- Manganese: Tea (1-10gm/day)
- Molybdenum: Meat, cereals and milk (No fixed value)
- Zinc: Seafood, eggs,pulses ( 9.5 mg/day)
- Selenium: Seafood, cereals ( 55ug/day)
5. What is GMO and what are the pros and cons of the GMO food?
GMO stands for genetically modified foods, this type of food is artificially bred under supervision to yield a food with desire quantity and quality.
- Heavily Tested: Intense and gruesome testing on animals, scientifically it was proved that GMO are safe to consume
- Impact on Farming: GMO enables plants to be modified and grow, even in most bizarre conditions
- Cheaper Food: Easier farming process means cheaper food
- Increased Nutritional Value: It helps to yield food high in its nutritional value
- Health Concerns: There is no strong evidence that tells GMO has no long-term effect on humans health
- Ethics: There is a group of people who believes the practice of GMO is illegal and unethical
- Safety Concerns: FDA does not treat GMO any differently than conventional food; no special safety regulation or warnings are put in practice
- Need for labels: Not just before a decade, rule passed to label all the GMO plants, as it was impossible to
- figure out which one is GMO and which one are ordinary one.
6. Is it good to avoid fat for weight loss?
It depends on what type of fat you are avoiding, if you are avoiding un-saturated fats than its good. Otherwise, it may show adverse effect as fat are equally important for functioning of the body. It is scientifically proved that 35% of your daily calorie should come from the fat (virgin olive oil, nuts, seeds and natural nut butters).
7. What should be the intake of vegetables for non-vegetarian?
Although, meat and eggs have their benefits, it is necessary to include some vegetables to your non-veg table. To have a complete diet, non-vegetarian should include at least five to six plant-based meals a week by using lentils, beans or organic tofu as your protein source.
8. List out some of the sources of anti-oxidant?
Anti-oxidant eliminates toxin present in our body, some of the rich sources of anti-oxidant are
- Green tea
9. What are the benefits of spices in food?
Spices not only adds taste to our food, but also give nutritional value
- Rosemary: It contain essential volatile oils and are rich in minerals and vitamin B. It is used for diuretic disorder, to cure flatulence and to treat neuralgic pain, etc.
- Cummins: It contains phytonutrients, essential oil and anti-oxidants
Bay leaf: It is a very good source of many vitamins like niacin, pyridoxine, pantothenic acid, etc.
- Cinnamon: It has the highest amount of anti-oxidant than any other source found in nature. It is used as anti-septic for teeth and gum
- Mustard seeds: They are also rich in nutrients, anti-oxidants and B-complex vitamins
- Coriander seeds: It is rich in minerals like copper, calcium, potassium, manganese, etc.
- Saffron: It also contains anti-oxidant and anti-depressant properties
- Fenugreek seeds: Fenugreek is a rich source of minerals, vitamins and phytonutrients. Apart from that they are also a rich source of dietary fiber, and it is used to cure digestive problems, reduce cholesterol and bronchitis
- Cloves: It is considered as a good source of vitamins like vitamin A and carotene, but this should be consumed in a small portion as it may cause acidity and burning sensation if taken in excess. It acts as an anti-inflammatory agent and reduce blood glucose level in diabetics.
- Cardamom: It contains essential volatile oils, and rich in minerals. It is used as an anti-oxidant.
10. When dietary supplements can be harmful to an individual?
Dietary supplement can be harmful in following conditions
- Using a supplement with medications
- Substituting with supplement to the prescribed medicine without taking advice from a physician
- Taking excess of vitamins like vitamin A, D or minerals like Iron