RESPIRATORY Multiple Choice Questions and Answers pdf :-
1)Your body couldn’t breathe without this system.Which one is it?
A. It is the Perspiration system.
B. It is the Respiratory system.
C. It is the Photosynthsis
D. It is the Urinary system.
2)The Respiratory system is made up of trachea, the lungs, and the ______________.
3)When you breath in air, you bring oxygen into your lungs and blow out_________________.
A. carbon dioxide.
B. carbon monoxide.
4)When you inhale, your lungs _________________.
B. turn purple
5)What is the name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs?
A. The name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs is called Bronchioles.
B. The name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs is called Ravioli.
C. The name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs is called Alveoli.
D. The name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs is called Bronx.
6)_________________ is not good for lungs.
7)The trachea is also called the ________________.
8)The tiny hairs that keep mucus and dirt out of your lungsare called _____________.
A. lung hairs.
9)The vioce box is also known as the ______________________.
10)As you breathe, this contracts and flattens to give your lungs room to fill up with air ____________________.
B. Lung balloon.
11)What happens when you breathe in?
A. When you breathe in your diaphragm expands and your ribcage contracts.
B. When you breathe in your diaphragm contracts and your ribcage expands.
C. When you breathe in your diaphragm explodes and your ribcage contradicts.
D. When you breathe in your diaphragm does not move and your ribcage expands.
12)Air enters your lungs through the _________________.
13)How many lungs do humans have?
A. Humans have four lungs.
B. Humans have one lung.
C. Humans have three lungs.
D. Humans have two lungs.
14)What are bronchial tubes?
A. Bronchial tubes are air passages inside your lungs.
B. Bronchial tubes are blood vessels inside your body.
C. Bronchial tubes are tiny air sacs that deliver oxygen to the blood .
D. Bronchial tubes are large air sacs that deliver oxygen to the blood.
15)What muscles allow you to breathe in and out?
A. The muscles that allow you to breathe in and out is the nose.
B. The muscles that allow you to breathe in and out is the trachea.
C. The muscles that allow you to breathe in and out is the tongue.
D. The muscles that allow you to breathe in and out is the diaphragm.
16)Which can not be stored by the body?
A. Vitamin s can not be stored by the body.
B. Energy can not be stored by the body.
C. Minerals can not be stored by the body.
D. Oxygen can not be stored by the body.
17)When you breathe out, what gas does the body get rid of?
A. When you breathe out your body gets rid of nitrigen gas.
B. When you breathe out your body gets rid of carbon dioxide gas.
C. When you breathe out your body gets rid of oxygen gas.
D. When you breathe out your body gets rid of carbon monoxide gas.
18)What are capillaries?
A. Capillaries are tiny lung sacs in your lungs.
B. Capillaries are tiny blood vessels in your lungs.
C. Capillaries are tiny blood cells in your lungs.
D. Capillaries are large blood cells in your lungs.
19)What are alveoli?
A. Alveoli are tiny cells.
B. Alveoli are large blood vessels.
C. Alveoli are tiny blood vessels.
D. Alveoli are tiny sacs in the lungs.
20)What disease can be caused by smoking?
A. The disease that can be caused by smoking is Emphysema.
B. The disease that can be caused by smoking is Bronchitis.
C. The disease that can be caused by smoking is Alveolitis.
D. The disease that can be caused by smoking is Diabetes.
21)Labored breathing from lying down is?
D. orthopnea (Your Answer)
22)Severe chest pain, fever and shallow breathing are symptoms of?
A. cleft palate
23)To clear the upper respiratory tract, one would?
A. there is decreased thoracic volume
B. the thoracic pressure decreases
C. external intercostals relax
D. diaphragm relaxes and lowers
25)Actual gas exchange takes place in the?
26)The job of the concha is?
A. to separate the nasal and oral cavities
B. to increase surface area to allow more air movement
C. trap pathogens and debris
D. warm air and removes water
27)Chemoreceptors for oxygen are not found in the?
A. carotid artery
28)Barrel chest is from?
A. alveoli losing elasticity
B. overexchange of gases
29)What does oxygen bind to on a blood cell?
A. the antigen
B. the hemoglobin
C. the antibody
D. the nucleus
30)When standing, respiration is?
31)Gas exchange between the blood and the cells is?
A. pulmonary ventilation
B. external respiration
C. gas transport
D. internal respiration
32)How does the larynx produce sound?
B. folds flip open and close
D. relaxes and contracts
33)The part of the body that consists of the nose, mouth, pharynx, epiglottis, larynx, and trachea is the..?
A. Upper Quadrant
B. Lower Respiratory System
C. Upper Respiratory System
D. Nasal Cavity
34)What is the lid-like structure that closes to allow food to pass through the esophagus?
35)How many lobes does the right lung contain?
36)What are the thin hairs inside the nostrils?
D. Mucous membrane
37)The medical term for the Voice Box?
38)Medical term for Windpipe?
39)The act of bringing air into and out of the lungs?
40)Breathing disorder characterized by coughing and wheezing.
D. Smoker’s Respiratory Syndrome
41)Acute Respiratory Syndrome in children?
B. Allergic Rhinitis
43)Medical term for a runny nose?
44)Inflammation of the Bronchial walls?
45)Pain in the Pleura.
46)Infection that attacks the lungs and results in the coughing up of blood.
47)The 3 lobes of the right lung are..?
A. Top, Middle, Bottom
B. 1, 2, 3
C. uno, dos, tres
D. Superior, Middle, Inferior
48)Inflammation of lungs where air sacs fill with pus and other liquid.
C. Cystic Fibrosis
D. Pulmonary Edema
49)Also known as Black Lung Disease.
50)Genetic disorder in which the lungs are filled with thick mucus.
B. Cystic Fibrosis
C. Pulmonary Fibrosis
RESPIRATORY Objective type Questions and Answers ::
51)Another term for suffocation.
C. Airway Obstruction
52)Visual examination of the Larynx.
53)Medical term for the mucus that is secreted by tissues in the Respiratory Passages.
54)Surgical reconstruction of the Nasal Septum.
55)An opening on a body surface.
56)Surgical removal of the Larynx.
57)Suturing of the Trachea.
58)The mechanism that establishes the medullary osmotic gradient depends most on the permiebility properties of the?
A. loop of henle
B. glomerular filtration membrane
C. collecting duct
D. distal convoluted tubule
59)Urine passes through the?
A. renal hilum to the bladder to the ureter
B. pelvis of kidney to ureter to bladder to urethra
C. glomerulus to ureter to renal tubule
D. hilum to urethra to bladder
60)Which of the following is not associated with the renal corpuscle?
B. vasa recta
C. a fenestrated capillary
D. an efferent arteriole
61)An increase in the permeability of the cells of the collecting tubule to water is due to a(n)
A. decrease in the production of ADH
B. increase in the production of ADH
C. increase in the production of aldosterone
D. decrease in the conentration of the blood plasma
62)The urinary bladder is composed of __________ epithelium?
B. simple squamous
C. stratisifed squamous
D. pseudostratified columnar
63)The kidneys are stimulated to produce renin?
A. when the pertibular capillaries are dialted
B. when the pH of the urine decreases
C. by a decrease in the blood pressure
D. when the specific gravity of urine rises above 1.10
64)Which of the choices below is not a function of the urniary system?
A. helps maintain homeostatis by controlling the compositon, volume, and pressure of blood
B. regulates blood glucose levels and produces hormones
C. maintains blood osmolarity
D. eliminates solid, undigested wastes and excretes carbon dioxide, water, salts, and heat
65)Which gland sits at top of kindeys?
66)The _____________ artery lies on the boundry between the cortex and medulla of the kidney?
D. cortical radiate
67)The glomerulus differs from other capillaries in the body in that it?
A. has a basement membrane
B. is impermeable to most substances
C. is drained by an efferent arteriole
D. has a blood pressure much lower than other organ systems
68)The descending limb of the loop of henle?
A. is not permeable to water
B. is freely permeable to sodium and urea
C. pulls water by osmosis into the lumen of the tubule
D. contains fluid that becomes more concentrated as it moves down into the medulla
69) Select the correct statement about ureters?
A. ureters contain sphincters at the entrance to the bladder to prevent the backflow or urine
B. the epithelium is stratified squamous like the skin, which allows a great deal of stretch
C. the ureters are capable of peristalsis like that of the gastrointestinal tract
D. the ureter is innervated by parasympathetic nerve endings only
70)The fatty tissue surrounding the kidneys is important because it?
A. ensures adequate energy for the adrenal glands to operate efficiently
B. stabalizes the position of the kidneys by holding them in their normal position
C. is necessary as a barrier between the adrenal glands and kidneys
D. produces vitamin D
71)The renal corpsucle is made up of?
A. bowmans capsule and glomerulus
B. the descending loop of henle
C. the renal pyramid
D. the renal papilla
72)The functional and stuctural unit of the kidneys is the?
B. loop of henle
C. glomerular capsule
D. basement membrane of the capillaries
73)The juxtaglomerular apparatus is responsible for?
A. the secretion of drugs
B. the secretion of acids and ammonia
C. reabsorption of organic molecules, vitamins, and water
D. regulating the rate of filtrate formation and controlling systemic blood pressure (Correct Answ
74)The cheif force pushing water and solutes out of the blood across the filtration membrane is?
A. the design and size of the podocytes
B. the thickness of the capillary endothelium
C. glomerular hydrostatic pressure (glomerular blood pressure)
D. the size of the pores in the basement membrane of the capillaries
75)Which of the following statements desbribes the histology of th ureters?
A. they are trilayered (mucosa, muscularis, and adventitia)
B. they are actually an extension of the visceral peritoneum
C. they are made up of several layers of endothelium
D. they are made up entirely of muscle tissure because they need to contract in order to transport urine efficiently.
76)Which of the following statements is a false or incorrect statement?
A. the male urethra services both the urinary and reproductive systems at the same time
B. the male urethra serves both the urniary and reproductive systems but at different times
C. the male urethra is longer than the female urethra
D. the male urethra is a passageway for both urine and semen
77)Which of the following acts as the trigger for the intitiation of micturition (voiding)?
A. the stretching of the bladder wall
B. motor neurons
C. the pressure of the fluid in the bladder
D. the sympathetic efferents
78)The filtration membrane includes all except?
A. glomerular endothelium
C. renal fascia
D. basement membrane
79)The mechanisms of water reabsortption by the renalubules is?
A. active transport
C. solvent drag
D. cotransport with sodium ions
80)Most electrolyte reabsorption by the renal tubules is?
A. not Tm limited
B. in the distal convoluted tubule
C. hormanally controlled in distal tubule segments
D. completed by the time of the loop of henle is reached
81)The macula densa cells respond to?
B. antidiuretic hormone
C. changes in the pressure in the tubule
D. changes in solute content of the filtrate
82)Which of the following is not reaborbed by the proximal convoluted tublue?
83)The fluid in the glomerular (bowmans) capusle is similar to plasma except that it does not contain a significant amount of?
D. plasma protein
84)Alcohol acts as a diuretic because it?
A. is not reabsorbed by the tubule cells
B. increases the rate of glomerular filtration
C. increases secretion of ADH
D. inhibits the release of ADH
85)The function of angiotensin II is to?
A. constrict arterioles and increase blood pressure
B. decrease the production of aldosterone
C. decrease arterial blood pressure
D. decrease water absorption
86)A disease caused by inadequate secretion of anitdiuretic hormone (ADH) by pituitary glands with symptoms of ployuria is?
A. diabetes mellitus
B. diabetes insipidus
C. diabetic acidosis
87)An important characteristic of urine is its specific gravity or density which is?
B. 1.001 – 1.035
C. 1.030 – 1.040
D. 1.000 – 1.015
88)Place the following in correct sequence from the formation of a drop of urine to its elimination from the body.
1. major calyx
2. minor calyx
6. collecting duct
89)Select the correct statement about the nephrons?
A. the parietal layer of hte glomerular capsule is simple squamous epithlium
B. the glomerulus is correctly described as the proximal end of the proximal convoluted tublue
C. podocytes are the branching epitheilal cells that line the tubules of the nephron
D. filtration slits are the pores that give fenestrated capillaries their name
90)What would happen if the capsular hydrostatic pressure were increased above normal?
A. net filtration would increase above normal
B. net filtration would decrease
C. filtration would increase in proportion to the increase in capsular pressure
D. capsular osmotic pressure would compensate so that filatration would not change
91)Which of the following is not a part of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?
A. granular cells
B. macula densa
C. podocyte cells
D. mesangial cells
A. includes substances such as creatiinine
B. by active mehanisms usually invovlves movement against an electrical and or chemical gradient
C. by passive processes requires ATP to move solutes form the interior of the tubule to the blood
D. is a way for the body to get rid of unwanted wast
93)Which of the following is not a reason why substances are either not reaborbed or are incompletley reabsorbed from the nephron?
A. they lack carriers
B. they are not lipid soluble
C. they are too lare too pass thorugh the fenestrations
D. they are extremely complex molecules
94)Reabsorbption of high levels of glucose and amino acids in the filtrate is accomplished by?
A. facilitated diffusion
B. passive transport
D. secondary active transport
95)Which of the choices below is a function of the loop of henle?
A. form a large volume of very concentrated urine or a small volume of very dilute urine
B. form a large volume of very dilute urine or a small volume of very concentrated urine
C. absorb electrolytes activley with an automatic absorption of water by osmosis
D. none of these
96)Fetal kidneys do not have to work very hard because?
A. fetuses do not have any waste to excrete
B. there are not functional nephrons until after birth
C. the placenta allows the mothers urniary system to clear the waste from fetal blood
D. there is no way a fetus could excrete urine until the seventh month of development
97)Which of the following best describes kidney function in older adults (70 yrs or older)?
A. kidney function remains the same throughout life, regardless of age
B. only about 3% of older adults have any loss of kindey function
C. only obese and diabetic older adults have any kidney dysfunction
D. kidney function decreases due to kidney atrophy
98)The factor favoring filtrate formation at the glomerlus is the?
A. colloid osmotic pressure of the blood
B. glomerular hydrostatic pressure
C. capsular hyrodtatic pressure
D. myogenic mechanism
99)If the Tm for a particular amino acid is 120 mg /100ml and the concentration of that amino acid in the blood is 230 mg/ 100ml the amino acid will?
A. be actively secreted into the filtrate
B. be completly reabsorbed by the tubule cells
C. appear in the urine
D. be reabsorbed by secondary active transport
100)If one says that the clearance value of glucose is zero, what does that mean?
A. the glucose molecule is too larege to be filtered out of the blood
B. most of the glucose is filtered out of the blood and is not reaborbed in the convoluted tublues
C. normally all the glucose is reabsorbed
D. the clearance value of the glucose is realtively high in a healthy adult