OCCUPATIONAL THERAPIST Interview Questions and Answers :-
1. With whom an occupational therapist can work with?
Occupational therapist can work with
- Mental health services
- Physical rehabilitation
- Learning disability
- Primary care
- Research posts
- Environmental adaptation
- Care Management
2. What are all areas where occupational therapist can work?
An occupational therapist can work in
- Community centers
- Educational establishments
- GP practices
- Housing associations
- Clients homes
- Residential and Nursing homes
- Social services and council departments
3. In what all ways occupational therapist can be helpful to people?
Occupational therapist can be helpful in numerous ways
- Help them to study new ways of doing things following illness or injury
- Make them adapt appliances that can help them to perform their daily task easily like wheelchairs or toilet seats or provide special bath
- Make changes in their living environment to undertake their usual occupation
- Try to minimize the pain or discomfort due to illness or physical inability
- Boost their confidence level in social situations
4. What is the role of the occupational therapist in injury management?
The role of the occupational therapist in injury management is
- Using specialized assessments to determine the functional requirements of various task, and clients capacity to return to work
- Giving knowledge to clients for safe work practices
- Modifying the work environment keeping employees health and safety in concern, and thus minimizing the injuries
- Coordinating and designing graded return to work programs
5. What are the features that occupational therapist observes before treating Autism patient?
- Attention span and stamina
- Adapting towards new activities
- Play skills
- Need for personal space
- Reactions to touch or other types of stimuli
- Basic motor skill like balance, posture and manipulation of small objects
- Aggression and other types of behaviors
- Interaction between child and carers
6. What are the benefits of occupational therapy to the patient having Autism?
- Learn how to self-regulate
- Learn how to delay gratification
- Express feeling in more appropriate ways
- Engage play with peers
- Learn how to concentrate on work
- Learn to develop social interaction with adult and peer
- Learn body awareness
7. What are the devices occupational therapist might require for helping people?
It may require
- Assistive device for ambulation like walker
- Dressing aids
- Bathroom equipment’s
- Mobility and transfer device
- Electrical stimulation system
- Cane and Crutches
8. What are the challenges does an occupational therapist has to face?
- Dealing with unsatisfied patient
- Difficulty in communicating with mentally challenged patient
- Daily maintaining living facilities for patient
- Developing living and work skills
- Adapting to a new environment and people if travelling abroad
- Language barrier with locals and patient
9. Explain the preventive occupational therapy intervention with stroke survivors?
The preventive occupational therapy intervention with stroke survivors are
- Abnormal changes in postural alignment
- Pain related with immobility or abnormal joint alignment
- Injury due to falls
- Depression following stroke
- Aspiration during eating, feeding and swallowing
10. When nursing home requires an occupational therapist?
When nursing home are dealing with people suffering from strokes, diabetes, high blood pressure then they need OT. They will meet patient three to six times per week after an injury, assessing his needs, prescribing appropriate equipment’s and training them how to use it.
11. Define the term Accessibility audit?
Accessibility audit is a review of the access and inclusion practices of the place of public accommodation from a physical and policy perspective.
12. What is meant by Adaptive Occupation?
Adaptive Occupation is a use of technical aids and technology, in combination with consultation and education to teach client’s different ways for performing their task.
13. What is Augmentative or Alternative communications?
The systems that supplement or replace communication by gesture or voice among people is referred as augmentative or alternative communications.
14. What are Auxiliary aids?
Auxiliary aids are devices used for the client who has communicating disabilities, and aids used are assistive listening devices, taped texts, closed caption decoders on televisions and qualified interpreters.
15. List out the common types of documentation done by occupational therapist?
Documentation done by occupational therapist includes
- Screening: It includes details like client information, referral information, medical history, etc.
- Evaluation: It includes evaluation and re-evaluation report
- Intervention: It includes intervention plan, contact report note, transition plan and progress report
- Outcomes: It includes discharge or discontinuation report
16. Explain what is sensory defensiveness?
Sensory defensiveness is used to define child’s behavior in response to sensory input, reflecting severe over-reaction to a particular sensory input.
17. When dynamic splint can be used?
Dynamic splint is made of plastic material to support and immobilize bone or to support stretched muscles. It can be used in various ways like
- To correct or prevent deformity with tightening joints or muscles
- Stop weakened muscles from over strengthening
- Strengthening weak muscles
- To gain better range of motion before surgery
- Provide an even muscle balance when there is an imbalance
18. Explain the term dyspraxia and what are their types?
“Dyspraxia” is a disorder, where a person’s motor skill (locomotive movements) gets hampered. It can affect daily activities of a person like holding pencils to brushing teeth. Dyspraxia is classified into four categories.
- Ideomotor Dyspraxia
- Ideational Dyspraxia
- Oromotor Dyspraxia
- Constructional Dyspraxia